GBA2

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Cytosolic Glucosylceramide Regulates Endolysosomal Function in Niemann-Pick type C Disease

Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPCD) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with increases in cellular cholesterol and glycolipids and most commonly caused by defective NPC1, a late endosomal protein. Using ratiometric probes we find that NPCD cells show increased endolysosomal pH. In addition U18666A, an inhibitor of NPC1, was found to increase endolysosomal pH, and the [...]

March 12th, 2019|Tags: , , |

N-Butyldeoxynojirimycin Delays Motor Deficits, Cerebellar Microgliosis, and Purkinje Cell Loss in a Mouse Model of Mucolipidosis type IV

Mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV) is a lysosomal storage disease exhibiting progressive intellectual disability, motor impairment, and premature death. There is currently no cure or corrective treatment. The disease results from mutations in the gene encoding mucolipin-1, a transient receptor potential channel believed to play a key role in lysosomal calcium egress. Loss of mucolipin-1 and [...]

June 10th, 2017|Tags: , , |

Reducing GBA2 Activity Ameliorates Neuropathology in Niemann-Pick Type C Mice

The enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GBA) hydrolyses glucosylceramide (GlcCer) in lysosomes. Markedly reduced GBA activity is associated with severe manifestations of Gaucher disease including neurological involvement. Mutations in the GBA gene have recently also been identified as major genetic risk factor for Parkinsonism. Disturbed metabolism of GlcCer may therefore play a role in neuropathology. Besides lysosomal GBA, [...]

June 1st, 2016|Tags: , , |

Glucocerebrosidase 2 Gene Deletion Rescues Type 1 Gaucher Disease

The inherited deficiency of the lysosomal glucocerebrosidase (GBA) due to mutations in the GBA gene results in Gaucher disease (GD). A vast majority of patients present with nonneuronopathic, type 1 GD (GD1). GBA deficiency causes the accumulation of two key sphingolipids, glucosylceramide (GL-1) and glucosylsphingosine (LysoGL-1), classically noted within the lysosomes of mononuclear phagocytes. How [...]

March 17th, 2014|Tags: , , |